Principles for managing the impact of human
activities on the ocean.
The definition, development and use of environmental
of ocean management principles
The precautionary principle in Australian ocean management: Jon Nevill 2004
Marine no-take areas and networks: principles of design Working draft: comment invited. Jon Nevill 2004
LISTS OF PRINCIPLES EXTRACTED FROM
Antarctic Treaty 1959
Principles of International Law: Friendly Relations (UNGA Resolution 2625) 1970Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage 1972 does not contain a statement of guiding principles.
Rio Declaration (UN Summit on Environment and Development, Rio) 1992
Australia: InterGovernmental Agreement on the Environment 1992 (whole document)
Ludwig, Hilborn and Walters. Uncertainty, resource exploitation, and conservation: lessons from history. Science 260(2):17. April 1993.
Marine Mammal Commission: Principles Workshop March 1994
United Nations Agreement Relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks 1995
WCED Experts Group on Environmental Law 1996.
Principles 1997; see also
The South African Government's "Policy on the conservation and sustainable use of South Africa's biological diversity" 1998 sets out 15 "guiding principles"; link to come
Oceans Policy 1998
Australian Seafood Industry Council: extract from ASIC Code of Conduct 1998
Australian Government: Strategic Plan of Action for the National Representative System of Marine Protected Areas 1999.
Government: Sustainable Fisheries Management Guidelines (draft) 1999
Convention on Biological Diversity: Conference of the Parties decision V/6 (2000) lists 12 'principles of the ecosystem approach'. In my opinion these are both weakly stated and incomplete - for example the need for precaution is not mentioned.
The law of sustainable development: general principles. A report produced for the European Commission. Michael Decleris 2000. Environment Directorate-General; Luxembourg.
IUCN reserve management principles:
Albatross Agreement 2001
Reykjavik Declaration on Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem 2001 Note: while the FAO-sponsored Declaration does not contain a statement of principles, it is reproduced in full here due to it's importance and stature.
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2002
Bill Ballantine's MPA principles (senior scientist, New Zealand) 2004
Ecosystem-based fishery management 2004 Pikitch et al. Science 305:346-347.
New Zealand Ministry of Fisheries 2005 - environmental effects of fishing
Naiman & Latterell 2005: Principles for linking fish habitat to fisheries management and conservation. Journal of Fish Biology (2005) 67 Supplement B 166-185.
IUCN Principles for high seas governance 2008
Australian readers are referred to the Commonwealth Government's legislation website for the full text of all international agreements signed by Australia. Agreements are also listed at the Australasian Legal Information Institute.
Author: Jon Nevill. Please email firstname.lastname@example.org if you would like to see other sets of principles listed on this page.