Charter for Nature 1982
shall be respected and its essential processes shall not be impaired.
genetic viability on the earth shall not be compromised; the population
levels of all life forms, wild and domesticated, must be at least
sufficient for their survival, and to this end necessary habitat shall be
3. All areas
of the earth, both land and sea, shall be subject to these principles of
conservation; special protection shall be given to unique areas, to
representative samples of all the different types of ecosystems and to the
habitat of rare or endangered species.
Ecosystems and organisms, as well as the land, marine and atmospheric
resources that are utilized by man, shall be managed to achieve and
maintain optimum sustainable productivity, but not in such a way as to
endanger the integrity of those other ecosystems or species with which
shall be secured against degradation caused by warfare or other hostile