FAO fisheries governance
Sissenwine MP and Mace PM (2003) Governance
for responsible fisheries; an ecosystem approach. FAO, Rome (Italy)
Goals and constraints should be established that characterise the desired
state of fisheries and undesirable ecosystem changes;
conservation measures should be established that are precautionary, take
account of species interactions, and are adaptive;
allocation of property rights should provide incentives for conservation;
decision making processes should be participatory and transparent;
ecosystems and species of special concern should be protected;
management should be adequately supported, including scientific
information, enforcement, and performance evaluation.
Other key recommendations of the report:
collaborative research should be encouraged between scientific
institutions (which should be separate from management) and the fishing
fishing industry sponsored training programs to instil
fishing ethic should be developed.
a transparent and accountable scientific peer review
process apply to key scientific advice to ocean managers.