ecosystems: essential reading.
These are 'must read' references with information vital to understanding both marine ecosystems and human impacts on these ecosystems. See also the core 'classic essays' which illuminate key natural resource management processes and the cultures which underpin them. References below are arranged in chronological order.
Key references: marine protected areas
AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science (2001) Scientific consensus statement on marine reserves and marine protected areas. From http://www.nceas.ucsb.edu/consensus accessed 20 August 2004.
At the Johannesburg World
Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, countries agreed to
ambitious targets for creating national networks of marine protected areas
by 2012 and rebuilding overexploited fisheries by 2015.
James Bohnsack (2003) Shifting baselines, marine reserves, and Leopold's biotic ethic; Gulf and Caribbean Research vol.14 no.2 pp.1-7.
Key references: ecosystem-based fisheries management
Dayton, DK (1998) Reversal of the burden of proof in fisheries management. Science Feb 6, 279(5352):821-822. Html.
Jackson, J et al. (2001) Historical overfishing and the recent collapse
of coastal ecosystems. Science 293:629-638. 27 July
Gell, FR and Roberts CM (2003) Benefits beyond boundaries: the fishery effects of marine reserves. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18(9)448-455. September. Abstract.
Hughes, TP, Baird, AH, Bellwood, DR, Card, M, Connolly, SR, Folke, C, Grosberg, R, Hoegh-Guldberg, O, Jackson, JBC, Kleypas, J, Lough, JM, Marshall, P, Nystrom, M, Palumbi, SR, Pandolfi, JM, Rosen, B & Roughgarden, J (2003), 'Climate change, human impacts, and the resilence of coral reefs.' Science, vol. 301, pp. 929-933. Page 929: "Projected increases in carbon dioxide and temperate over the next 50 years exceed the conditions under which coral reefs have flourished over the past half-million years". Available from www.sciencemag.org .
Pandolfi, JM, Bradbury, RH, Sala, E, Hughes, TP, Bjorndal, KA, Cooke, RG, McArdle, D, McClenachan, L, Newman, M, Paredes, G, Warner, RR & Jackson, JBC (2003) 'Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystems.' Science, vol. 301, pp. 955-8. Abstract.
Bellwood, DR et al. (2004) Confronting the coral reef crisis. Nature
429:827-833. 24 June 2004.
Websites containing bibliographies